According to research every year 15% of the Germans suffer from panic disorders. Similar numbers apply for France. Where do these cloying fears come from? And how do these diseases get diagnosed and cured? Scientists are looking for new approaches in basic research and develop new therapy methods, to heal growing numbers of patients effectively: They located the fear in our genes and were able to enable and disable individual neurons in the brain and to deal with phobias by using Virtual Reality. They can even look into our past to have a better understanding of the fear. But nowadays hardly any achievement really helps the patients because therapy places are rare. But experts are working hard to find solutions.